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10 Places to Visit in Pamukkale

10 Places to Visit in Pamukkale, Turkey

Table of Contents

Pamukkale, which attracts an estimated 1 million domestic and foreign tourists each year, captivates visitors with its unique heritage. In this essay, we will explore the locations to visit in Pamukkale as well as its history.

1. Pamukkale Travertines

With their snow-white structures, the travertine terraces make you feel like you’re in a place from a fairy tale. They form a shape that gives the area its name and is a must-see. In the Pamukkale area, there are 17 hot springs with temperatures between 35 and 100°C. The hot water comes out of the terminal at 36 degrees Celsius and flows through a 320-meter-long stream to the top of the travertine terraces. It then flows down the travertine terraces for 240-300 meters. The water has a lot of calcium hydrocarbonate, which reacts with air to make carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. This causes calcium carbonate to sink to the bottom. The precipitate that forms travertine starts out as a gel, but over time it gets harder and turns into a natural beauty that can be seen from miles away.


So that the marble doesn’t get damaged, you can’t go into some parts. Even if you want to explore other parts of the area, you can’t bring shoes in.

2. Hierapolis Ancient City

Geographers say that the old city built just above the travertines was a Phrygian city. Even though it is thought that people in this area believed in the Mother Goddess, no one knows what the name of the city was during the Hellenistic era. Hierapolis is an old city that is still around today. It was built by King Eumenes II of Pergamon in the second century BC because he liked the travertines and the area. Hiera was the queen of the Amazons and the wife of Telephos, the man who founded Pergamon.

3. Ancient Pool

In addition to the Ancient City of Hierapolis, the major earthquake that struck the city in the seventh century AD also affected the Ancient Pool. In this region, the collapsed columns tumbled into the pit, and the Ancient Pool was created when thermal water filled the pit. Since its inception, the pool has served as a healing resource. According to legend, even Cleopatra visited this pool after hearing about its allure and curative properties against disease. For this reason, some sources also refer to the Ancient Pool as Cleopatra Pool. Throughout the year, thousands of tourists visit this pool for heart, vascular, rheumatism, dermatitis, and blood pressure disorders.

4. Kaklık Cave

Kaklk Cave is also referred to as “Little Pamukkale” and “Cave Pamukkale” due to the presence of Pamukkale travertines. In this grotto, travertines form small steps, while dripstone, stalactites, and stalagmites decorate other features. It is believed that the thermal water within the cave is colorless, sulfurous, and effective against skin maladies. The cave is accessible daily from 8:00 a.m. to 22:00 p.m. and features a swimming pool, amphitheater, pergolas, viewing areas, and a cafeteria.

5. Karahayit Thermal Springs


Karahayıt Hot Springs establishments Denizli is one of the most abundant thermal springs locations in our country. People from all over the world who seek healing travel to Denizli and spend at least a week on vacation in the hot springs. Karahayit is the city with the finest spas in the province of Denizli. It is within the thermal resort of Pamukkale. It is a prolongation of this branch of thermal water. Five kilometers north of the Pamukkale district is the location.

6. Laodikeia Ancient City

Denizli is a very ancient city. Numerous ancient artifacts are unearthed in the metropolis. The surviving ancient settlements have been safeguarded. There are protected ancient settlements among the most popular tourist destinations. People are fascinated by the various structures and materials utilized in the ancient city of Laodikeia. You envision lives from centuries past. You reflect on the passage of time. Then you consider the universe in which you reside. One cannot avoid asking, “Who has come and who has gone?”

7. Hierapolis Amphitheater

The magnificent Hierapolis Amphitheater, which was constructed with a thousand labors, is located just above the city and overlooks the plain below. When you reach the ancient pool after ascending the steep ramp just above it, you realize you have not climbed in vain. I highly recommend the view for its beauty.

8. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum

Archaeologists call the old city of Hierapolis, which is 17 kilometers north of Denizli, the “Holy City” because it had so many known temples and other religious buildings. People disagree about where the city was in the past.


Due to where it is in the world, Hierapolis is in the middle of different historical areas. Strabo and Ptolemy, two ancient geographers, thought that Hierapolis was a Phrygian city because it was close to the Phrygian towns of Laodikeia and Tripolis, which were near the Carian region. Sources from before the Hellenistic Period don’t tell us what the name of the city was. Before the worship of the Mother Goddess made the city known as Hierapolis, people did live there. Even though we don’t know much about how the city got started, we do know that Eumenes II, one of the Kings of Pergamon, built it in the early 2nd century BC. He named it Hierapolis after Hiera, the queen of the Amazons, who was the wife of Telephos, the supposed founder of Pergamon.

9. Hierapolis Byzantine Church

The pillared church in Pamukkale Ruins was built in the 7th century AD. It has three naves, and big and small pillars separate the passages between the naves. At the end of the big nave in the middle is an apse. Most likely, the building has a safe. At the end of the middle aisle, on either side of the single apse, are the diaconon and protasis, which are the baptismal and liturgical sections. In the middle of the ruins, there is also a church with three aisles.


On the north side of Hierapolis, there are smaller churches with only one apse. Most of these are from the late time. This shows that the city kept its own character even in the late times. During the Byzantine Era, many important churches were built in Hierapolis between the 5th and 7th centuries AD. This shows that the city was both spiritually important and a major center. The gold found in the tomb of the Akkoy family, which dates back to the 5th and 6th centuries AD, also shows how important and wealthy this place was. St. Phillippus was the first Christian leader to come from Hierapolis.

10. Pamukkale Natural Park

The Pamukkale Natural Park, located near the entrance to the Pamukkale (Hierapolis) Ruins and just below the travertines, welcomes visitors with ducks and geese swimming in a large reservoir. Additionally, it is possible to consume and drink in the cafeterias that surround the pond.

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